Uzbekistan was the first of the Central Asian republics to declare its sovereignty and to adopt a post-communist symbology. The flag was adopted in November 1991.
As one of the few landlocked states in the world (after the drying up of the Aral Sea), Uzbekistan has the largest population of the ‘Stan’ in Central Asia, with 30 million inhabitants.
Despite being a predominantly Muslim country, the crescent represents the rebirth of the Uzbek nation, leaving aside the religious aspect, and the twelve stars are counted for the twelve months or the zodiac signs, but it is also true that twelve are the districts of the country.
The interpretation of its colors can vary, although the most classic associates blue with the sky, white with justice, green with the hospitality of its people, and red with the strength of the nation. A second interpretation associates the white color with monoculture cotton in Central Asia, and at the same time, the green stripe highlights the Muslim religion as the predominant one in the country.
However, blue is the color that represents the peoples of ancient Turkestan, and it was also worn in the 14th century by the Mongol warrior Tamerlane, who was born in Samarkand, the second largest city in Uzbekistan. At that time, the region was known as Transoxiana and covered an area very similar to what Uzbek territory occupies today.